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  • Annmarie Throckmorton, M.A.


Adults decide for themselves what is true and what is not true, we do not need Big Brother to make pablum of our news.  Say "No" to censorship.


We need to see all of the "misinformation" and "disinformation" and "malinformation" for several reasons: (1) so that we know what the crazies are up to, (2) to see from all sides so as to fully understand the issues, and (3) sometimes just one person has really important insights to share and we need to let everyone speak so as to get that valuable input from the one.

Definitions per Wikipedia:  Misinformation, Disinformation, and Malinformation

"Misinformation is incorrect or misleading information. It differs from disinformation, which (sic, in that) misinformation is deliberately deceptive and propagated information. Early definitions of misinformation focused on statements that were patently false, incorrect, or not factual. Therefore, a narrow definition of misinformation refers to the information's quality, whether inaccurate, incomplete, or false. However, recent studies define misinformation per deception rather than informational accuracy because misinformation can include falsehoods, selective truths, and half-truths."


"Malinformation is truth used to inflict harm on a person, organisation (sic) or country. Examples of malinformation include phishing, catfishing, doxing, swatting and revenge porn. Malinformation is also used to refer to "information that stems from the truth but is often exaggerated in a way that misleads and causes potential harm.  Malinformation usually entails a change of context, such as time, space, or privacy. The term was coined by media researcher Hossein Derakhshan in a Council of Europe co-authored report titled "Information Disorder" and later adopted by UNESCO.

(emphasis added)



by Annmarie Throckmorton, copyright 2024



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